History Of Robots And it’s Development

History Of Robots And it's Development

A robot is a type of man-made device and computer program, it looks like it has life inside the device. Robots are built to perform a variety of tasks. It contains programs that allow people to interact with each other. Robots can walk, scan and look at objects. Can perform a variety of physical movements. Today’s modern humanoid robots can perform even the most complex tasks that humans cannot. 

In ancient times, robots were not called robots, and the word robot was first used in 1921 in the play Rossums Universal Roberts in Czech. Robot means hard work in Czech. The play’s author, Karel Kepek, coined the term robot. The term has since become widely used around the world.

Many wonders when and where the robot was first made and who built it. Talking about the origin of robots, many myths have mentioned the evolution of robots. The Greek god Hepheastion made mechanical workers. Similarly, there are numerous myths in the Jewish story about the earthen Golem, the mythical statue of Pygmalion, and even Galatia surviving. Therefore, the history of automata, i.e. robots, is believed to have developed along with the culture of mythology in many countries of the world, including ancient China, ancient Greece and Egypt.

But the first real robot was actually built by the fourth-century Greek philosopher Architus. Although a philosopher, Arkitus was also a mathematician, astronomer, and strategist. He built a self-propelled device called The Flying Pigeon. This device could run on steam. This automated device made by Architus is considered to be the first robot in the world and this use of Architus proved to be a milestone in the history of robotics. 

Then Alexandria’s Hero of Alexandria built many steam-powered devices. Then, in the tenth century, Susong built a clock tower in China, where a mechanical sculptor would ring the bell every hour. Robots are not only shaped like human figures but also shaped like animals and any other object. 

The development of modern robots began towards the end of the fourteenth century. At the time, Leonardo da Vinci had designed a modern humanoid robot. Da Vinci’s notebooks were rediscovered around 1950. Where, pictures of mechanical warriors were found. So now these robots are known as Leonardo robots. These robots can sit and move and move their hands. They even move their heads and faces.

This was followed in the seventeenth century by the creation of automated robots of many shapes and sizes, capable of performing many complex human tasks, from drawing, flying, and playing music. Japanese craftsman Hisisige Tanaka, also known as Edison of Japan, made intricate mechanical toys. Some of them were able to hand out tea and throw tea, while others had Japanese kanji characters. 

Thus, around the 18th century, humanoid robots were gradually evolving. Robots that mimic human behavior and have a human-like appearance at first glance are called humanoid robots. No matter how much a robot mimics human behavior, from speech to speech, it seems to us that it does all these things using its own intellect and discretion. And it has its own purpose. But a robot is a mechanical agent. It has an electrical mechanical system. The world’s first humanoid robot was built in 1810 by Frederick Kaufmann. He built a military humanoid robot with a trumpet.

Ordinary robots are not as flexible as humans. But they can roam freely. Automated robots, like computers, can easily identify people or objects because they are connected to software and other devices. Can communicate and become friends. They can also monitor the surrounding environment. Ordinary automated robots can perform a variety of tasks simultaneously and perform many other useful tasks.  

The humanoid robot was built by W. H. Richard in 1928 and was exhibited in London. The robot was named Eric and had an aluminum armor suit with 11 electromagnets and a 12 volt powered motor. The robot was able to move with the hand, it was controlled by remote control and voice control. 

Then, in 1939, another humanoid robot named Electro appeared at the World’s Fair. It was seven feet (2.1 m) tall and weighed 256 pounds (120 kg). This robot could walk in voice commands and speak 700 words. He could also smoke cigarettes, inflate balloons, and shake hands and head. It had a steel gear camera on its body and a motor skeleton, which was covered with aluminum skin. 

In the same way, many modern robots have evolved into the 21st century. Mechanical human or artificial auxiliary robots have a long history of trying to make them. But fully autonomous machines came only in the 20th century. The world’s first commercial, digital and programmable robot was built by George Dewell in 1954 under the name Unimet. The first digitally powered robot Unimet was used in 1961 to lift many hot pieces of metal needed for machines. 

Today, commercial and industrial robots that work with reliability are widely available at affordable prices and are being used. Apart from this, robots are also being used extensively for evil and to the detriment of humankind. Humanoid robots have been used for transportation, earth and space exploration, surgery, weapons manufacturing, laboratory research, and consumer and industrial production.

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