Okhaldhunga district lies in Sagarmatha Zone of Eastern Development Region of Nepal. According to legend, this hilly district was located in Mithila State ruled by King Janak. It is said that during Mahabharata period , Bhim had eaten his food by beating rice in a deep holed stone like Okhal (traditional Nepali grinding device made of wood or stone to beat rice, squeeze mustard etc.), so this place was named after that Okhal like stone called Okhaldhunga. Similarly, it is also said that, during Malla regime King Lakshmi Narsingh Malla of Kathmandu has sent his troops for the extension of his State under the leadership of Bhim Malla in this region which reached to this place conquering the eastern parts and ate food by beating rice in a deep holed stone like Okhal displacing Kiraats ruling here, so this place named as Okhaldhunga. The same Okhal of stone is kept safe in Siddhicharan Municipality Ward No. 5 of Okhaldhunga district along with Siddhicharan Park so that anyone can easily observe.
Political Division Of Okhaldunga District
Okhaldhunga along with Khotang and Solukhumbu were combined to form East No.3 area among the 32 districts of administrative division of Prime Minister Bhimsen Thapa recently after the unification campaign of His Majesty the King Prithvi Narayan Shah. At that time the headquarter of East No.3 area was Okhaldhunga as of today. Later, King Mahendra had divided Nepal into 75 districts and 14 zones in which Okhaldhunga district lies in Sagarmatha Zone. This district is bounded by Khotang district in the east, Ramechhap in the west, Solukhumbu in the north and Sindhuli & Udayapur in the south. Politically, this district is divided into two election constituencies and 11 Ilakas including a Municipality named Siddhicharan and 50 VDCs. Most part of the district lies towards the west of headquarter so that Ilaka Administrative Office and other offices are under establishment in Khijiphalate the north-western part of the district. The district having 107400 hectares area have Okhaldhunga, Rampur, Rumjatar, Manebhanjyang, Khijifalate, Khanibhanjyang, Koshahaat, Ghorakhori etc. as the main markets.
Geography Of Okhaldunga District, Nepal
Situated at an altitude of 390 m above sea level (Jotirghat) to 3627 m (Lamjedanda), the district has latitude 27-8 ‘north to 27-32’ north and longitude 86-11 ‘east north to 86-41’ east. . Dandakanda, Bhirpakha, Kholsakholsi, forest, tar, basi, etc. This district has a diverse topography and can be divided into three main parts.
covers an area of 161 sq km, covering 15% of the total area of Okhaldhunga district. Although agriculture is the main occupation of the people in this area, fruit farming, vegetable farming, animal husbandry, fishing etc. are also done by the people of this area.
Central hilly region
The central hilly region occupies 65% of the total area of the district i.e. 698 sq. Km. The district headquarters Okhaldhunga as well as Rumjatar also fall in this area. Paddy, maize, wheat, millet, fapar, zucchini, vegetables, fruits, animal husbandry etc. are cultivated in this area.
The Lekali region
covers an area of 205% of the total area of the district i.e. 215 sq. Km. Most of the land here is steep and full of rocks. In this area thin maize, potato, barley, wheat, uva, apple etc. are cultivated and also sheep and buffalo are reared.
Water Resources Of Okhaldhunga District, Nepal
Okhaldhunga district is considered to be rich in water resources. The rivers and waterfalls here are considered important not only for hydropower and irrigation but also for tourism.
Major Rivers and Lakes of Okhaldhunga:
Dudhkoshi river, Likhu river, Molungkhola, Sisnekhola, Sernekhola, Dhandkhola, Pankhukhola, Lipekhola, Salpukhola, Jungekhola, Cholakhola.
Pokli waterfall (131 m), Ratmate waterfall (111 m), are prominent. Other waterfalls include Sepli, Dhikure, Serna, Selele, Nyaule, etc.
Cultural and Tourist Significance Of Okhaldhunga District
Okhaldhunga is rich in cultural features of multi-ethnicity, language, religion, culture and mixed society. The society formed by Chhetri, Brahmin, Rai, Sunuwar, Tamang, Sherpa, Newar, Gurung, Vishwakarma, Pariyar and other castes is a symbol of “unity in diversity”. Dashain, Tihar, Hile Jatra, Lakhe Jatra, Lhosar, Sakela, Chandinach, Dhwangkumotra New Year, Udhauli, Ubhuli, Christmas etc. are the main festivals here. V.S. According to the 2068 census, the district has a population of 147,997 out of 31,741 households, of which Hindus (82.3%), Buddhists (12.5%), Christians (3.4%) and Islam ( 0.1%) and others (1.7%) are religious.
Major religious areas:
The temple of Kakani (Shri Champadevi) in Bilandu VDC ward no. Temple, Bhairavasthan in Dayale VDC, Singh Devi Temple in Kuibhir VDC Ward No. 5, Narmadeshwar Mahadev Temple, Mahadev Temple in Thulivanshi of Kuibhir VDC and Kuntadevi Temple in Khodampa , Saraswati Sthan, Kalikadevi, Jalpadevi, Bhimsen Sthan, Vatuk Bhairav, Ganesh Mandir, Thakle and Kirateshwar Jhankri Cave on the border of Manebhanjyang VDC are the major religious areas of this district.
Major Places To Visit In OkhalDhunga District Of Nepal:
Pokli Jharna , Thamdanda and Lagalgedanda (for sightseeing) in Pokli VDC of this district, historical Okhal shaped stone ( Okhaldhunga ) in Siddhicharan municipality, birthplace of epoch poet Siddhicharan Shrestha (Siddhicharan Park), Rumjatar (Radipakhi, for sheep farming, etc.) Here are the major tourist destinations. Similarly, Dembadanda is also a place with great potential for tourism. There is a footpath from Pokli to Pike Danda of Solukhumbu via Demba. Tourists have been going to Everest through this route.
Apart from this, Okhaldhunga district is considered to be the gateway to reach the base camp of the world’s highest peak, Everest, by land. Okhaldhunga can also be an excellent resting place for those who come to visit the famous Haleshi Mahadev of Khotang, formerly known as Pashupatinath.
Art and Literature:
Okhaldhunga district is rich in art and literature. Okhaldhunga is the birthplace not only of Sant Gyan Dilwas and singer Melavadevi, but also of the famous poet Siddhicharan Shrestha (1969-2049) and Byakul Myla, the composer of the national anthem of Nepal.
Okhaldhunga, which is ranked 59th out of 75 districts in Nepal in terms of average population and 68th in terms of area, lags behind in terms of development. Known as a remote hilly district, this district, despite being endowed with natural resources, seems to have failed to make proper use of it.
After a long wait, the construction of Sunkoshi Bridge was completed in December, 2071 BS. The district has a literacy rate of 52.1 percent. 53 N.M.V. And 230 Pvt. Are There are 15 health posts, 39 sub-health posts and 2 Ayurvedic dispensaries in the district. There are 2 hospitals including Okhaldhunga Community Hospital (Mission) and Rumjatar Hospital. Hello, Sky Phone, ADSL. And p. STN There are three FM radios operating in the district. Weekly and monthly newspapers have not been published regularly due to various technical reasons. The use of solar and other renewable energy is being increased in the district where electricity is provided by the Electricity Authority and Micro Hydropower (in 10 VDCs).
The District Periodic Plan (DPP), an important document required for the overall development of Okhaldhunga, has been prepared and the Office of the District Development Committee, Okhaldhunga, has played an important role in advancing the development program accordingly. The slogan mentioned in the District Periodic Plan (DPP) is as follows:
“Agriculture, roads, water resources, health, education
, beautiful, well- governed and prosperous Okhaldhunga is our”
Find Okhaldhunga District In Map Of Nepal
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